3-4" blooms are more numerous and two weeks earlier than other varieties under the low-light and short-day conditions of winter and early spring. Also known as pansy, Johnny jump-up, European field pansy, heart’s ease, and hybrid violet.
• Edible Flowers: Decorative and edible garnish for salads and desserts with slight wintergreen flavor. While a popular choice for brightening up salad mix, the flowers are also good for candying.
Ht. 6-8". Avg. 21,000 seeds/oz. Packet: 50 seeds.
DAYS TO GERMINATION: 4-7 days at 62-68°F (17-20°C).
SOWING: Transplant: Sow 8-12 weeks before the last frost. Cover seeds lightly. Bottom water or mist to avoid covering the seeds with displaced soil. Transplant to cell packs or larger containers when the first true leaves appear. Continue to grow at cool temperatures and high light levels to minimize stretching. Harden off and transplant outside. Violas will tolerate a light frost. In climates with mild winters, violas may be sown late summer to fall. Direct seeding is not recommend.
LIGHT PREFERENCES: Sun/Part Shade.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Rich, well-drained soil.
PLANT SPACING: 6-9".
HARDINESS ZONES: Varies.
HARVEST: Edible flowers: Harvest when flower are fully open. Deadhead for continuous blooms.
USES: Bedding plant. Excellent in containers. Edible flowers.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viola spp.
ALTERNATE NAMES: Johnny jump-up, European field pansy, heart’s ease, hybrid violet