The traditional American turnip.
Selected strain of this traditional Southern U.S. variety. Smooth, round roots average 3–4" in diameter and are white below the soil line and bright purple above. Large, lobed greens. Organically grown. Avg. 276,650 seeds/lb. Packet: 400 seeds.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Brassica rapa
CULTURE: Turnips are tolerant of moderate frost as seedlings in spring, and as mature plants in fall. Turnips prefer a fertile, well-drained soil, with a pH of 6.0-7.5. Sow early spring through late summer in a 2-4" wide band, seeds 1" apart (35 seeds/ft.) for small turnips or 2" apart (and half this rate) for larger turnips. Sow 1/4- 1/2" deep in rows 12-18" apart.
INSECT PESTS: Floating row covers installed at the time of sowing will keep the turnips free of insect pests, including flea beetles and root maggots.
HARVEST: Young, radish-size turnips in about 30 days, full size in 40-50 days. Roots are smoothest when small.
STORAGE: Turnips with greens store at 32°F (0°C) and 95% relative humidity for 10-14 days. Not intended for long-term winter storage.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1 oz./320′, 3.1 oz./1,000′, 5 2/3 lb./acre at 35 seeds/ft. in rows 18" apart.
SEED SPECS: See individual varieties.
PACKET: 400 seeds, sows 11′.