New! Downy mildew resistance for a wider range of latitudes.
Medium-large, blocky globes with thin necks for consistent drying and strong, copper skins for long storage. Wider latitude adaptability than Yankee (our organic option for DM resistance), so it can be grown successfully as far south as Pennsylvania. Intermediate resistance to downy mildew, Fusarium basal rot, and botrytis. Adaptation: 40–50° latitude. Avg. 121,200 seeds/lb. Packet: 250 seeds.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Allium cepa
CULTURE: Onions require full sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0–7.0. Sandy loam soils are ideal; in heavier soils, use raised beds or raised rows to promote soil drainage.
DIRECT SEEDING: In April or early May, or as soon as the soil can be prepared in early spring, sow in a 2" wide band, about 2 seeds/in., 1/4– 1/2" deep, rows 12–18" apart. Thin to 1 1/2–2" apart for highest yields in fertile soil. Thin to 3-4" apart for larger onions.
TRANSPLANTING: In short-season areas, sow seeds indoors in flats in late February to mid-March. Broadcast 1/2" apart and cover 1/4". Tops may be clipped to 5" tall. Transplant to the garden 4" apart, or sow 5 seeds in each cell of 1–1 1/2" diameter plug trays, thinning to 3 per cell. Transplant each cell 6" apart.
CULTIVATION: Keep onions well weeded with shallow cultivation.
WATER: Onions are shallow rooted and grow best with at least 1" per week of rain or irrigation, especially during the bulbing phase.
DISEASES: Adequate air circulation and crop rotation aids in reducing the risk of foliar disease.
HARVEST: When necks become soft and tops are falling over, pull and sun-cure at least 2–7 days, depending on weather. Move to a protected location to finish drying.
STORAGE: When dry, clip off tops and roots and store in onion bags or shallow boxes at near freezing and 65–70% humidity.
DAY LENGTH: Onion bulbing is triggered by day length, and maximum day length during the growing season increases from south to north. Short-day onions are grown at lower latitudes in the south, while intermediate and long-day onions are grown at higher latitudes. Refer to "Adaptation" in each variety description for details.
DAYS TO MATURITY: From direct seeding; subtract 10–15 days for days to maturity from transplant.
AVG. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: 1 oz./25′, 1M/50′, 5M/250′, 25M/1,250′, 580M/acre @ 20 seeds/ft., in rows 18" apart.
TRANSPLANTS: Avg. 1 oz./4,900 plants, 1 lb./78,750.
SIZED SEEDS: Standard on all varieties.
SEED SPECS: SEEDS/LB.: 96,900–127,700 (avg. 112,000).
PACKET: 250 seeds, sows 12′ or makes 140 plants.